A bacterial inflammation of the gum and jaw bone around the implant, known as peri-implantitis, is one of the rare complications that can occur after implant treatment. The good news is that by maintaining good oral hygiene, you can generally prevent it yourself, as peri-implantitis is usually the result of poor dental care. When plaque around the implant isn’t removed regularly, bacteria can enter the jaw bone through the gums and cause an inflammation. In patients affected by peri-implantitis, the jaw bone is attacked by bacteria, too, and consequently retracts. In the worse case scenario, this can lead to the implant being removed. Providing good preventive care is, therefore, the best thing you can do to take care of your implant.